Parking garages

Garages and multi-storey car parks are often considered dark, dirty, narrow and unsafe areas. Fortunately, this image is rapidly changing as indoor parking areas become more upscale. Architects, owners and designers are beginning to realize that a better-looking area with quality lighting will reassure the users, attract more customers and also improve the environment.
Many factors affect the visual environment within a car park, including horizontal illumination, the type of light source and glare. To provide improved parking facilities it is important to consider safety and security both for vehicles and pedestrians, both inside and outside the parking area. From a lighting perspective dark shadows should be avoided.

When upgrading to energy efficient high-output LED lighting, high utility costs can be reduced while providing superior lighting, safety and security. Car parks tend to have long gaps between refurbishments and are therefore well suited for LED solutions. 

It is important to select lighting solutions that are reliable, durable and performing in all weather conditions. LED luminaires reduces maintenance to a minimum. Increased lamp life ensures superior performance and improved lighting quality. High IP-rated luminaires suited for this specific type of applications makes even cleaning easy when needed.

Installations with sensors and dimming are useful energy-saving options. This will also increase the lifetime of the components. It is recommended to divide the parking area into different zones. By use of sensors you can dim down the light or turn off the luminaires in certain areas, but great care must be taken, no-one wants to enter a dark car park, even if it does light up once you are fully inside.
 

Lighting requirements in EN 12464-1


Type of area, task or activity
 Lux-level (Em)
Glare rating (UGRL
 Uniformity
(U0)
 Colour rendition
(Ra)
 Specific requirements
In/Out ramps (during the day)
300
25
0,40
40
1. Illuminances at floor level.
2. Safety colours shall be recognisable.
 In/Out ramps (at night) 75 25 0,40 40 1. Illuminances at floor level.
2. Safety colours shall be recognisable.
Traffic lanes 75 25 0,40 40 1. Illuminances at floor level.
2. Safety colours shall be recognisable.
Parking areas 75 - 0,40 40 1. Illuminances at floor level.
2. Safety colours shall be recognisable.
3. A high vertical illuminance increases
recognition of peoples faces and therefor the feeling of safety.
Ticket office  300 19 0,60 80 1. Reflections in the windows shall be avoided.
2. Glare from outside shall be prevented.


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